Adret(Abraham), Solomon ben (Adret, Solomon Ibn; Rashba)

Adret(Abraham), Solomon ben (Adret, Solomon Ibn; Rashba)
   Spanish scholar. He studied under Nahmanides and was later the leader of Spanish Jewry. His legal decisions were viewed as authoritative because of his stature as a scholar; they constitute a primary source of information about the history of the Jews from the period. He defended Judaism from Christian and Muslim detractors and disputed the messianic claims of Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • ADRET, SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM — (known from his initials as RaShBa, Rav Shlomo Ben Abraham; c. 1235–c. 1310), Spanish rabbi and one of the foremost Jewish scholars of his time, whose influence has remained to this day. Adret belonged to a well to do family of Barcelona where he …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rashba — Salomon ben Aderet Rabbi Chelomo ben Aderet (1235 1310), plus connu sous son acronyme Rachba, fut rabbin, légaliste, banquier et talmudiste fort renommé. Il est né à Barcelone en 1235, et eut pour maître le Ramban et Rabbenou Yona, avant de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DURAN, SIMEON BEN ẒEMAḤ — (RaSHBaẒ, Hebrew acronym of Rabbi Shimon ben Ẓemaḥ; 1361–1444), rabbinic authority, philosopher, and scientist. He was born in Majorca to R. Ẓemaḥ Astruc Duran. In his youth Simeon studied in Palma (Majorca) at the yeshivah of Ephraim Vidal, who… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shlomo ben Aderet — (Hebrew: שלמה בן אדרת) (or Solomon son of Aderet) [Shlomo ben Aderet s name may be written in many different ways. His first name is written as either Shlomo or Solomon. The next word, ben (which means son of in Hebrew) is sometimes replaced by… …   Wikipedia

  • ABBA MARI BEN MOSES BEN JOSEPH ASTRUC OF LUNEL — (c. 1300), writer who opposed extreme rationalism. He especially attacked the spread of philosophical allegorization of Scripture in popular sermons and the use of astral magic for healing. Abba Mari lived in Montpellier where the dispute over… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • YOM TOV BEN ABRAHAM ISHBILI — (Asbili; i.e., of Seville; known as Ritba – from the initial letters of his Hebrew name Rabbi Yom Tov Ben Abraham; c. 1250–1330), Spanish talmudist. Famous already in his youth as a scholar, he studied in Barcelona under aaron ha levi of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CODIFICATION OF LAW — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the concept and its prevalence in other legal systems in jewish law in the mishnah format and style of the mishnah the talmud and post talmudic halakhic literary forms variety of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • INCUNABULA — Introduction The term incunabula (or cradle books ) denotes books printed before 1500, including broadsheets, or other typographical products printed from letterpress composed of movable type. The first book known to be printed by Gutenberg in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa   are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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